Quantum computing is a powerful approach to processing data using quantum bits or qubits. A qubit corresponds to two operations at the same time, two qubits, four operations, ten qubits, 1024 operations, etc. The resulting computation is, therefore, faster and more efficient. Which can represent and store values of 0, 1 or, in superposition, a combination of 0 and 1 simultaneously.
According to Gartner, it is emerging as a way for companies to address machine learning, optimization, search, and challenges that cannot affect classical computing models. CIOs must start exploring the technology or risk falling behind their rivals.
In the near future it will be possible that quantum protocols can be used for online shopping, and to improve the security of digital commerce, using different types of quantum resources. Mainly quantum online purchasing schemes are proposed through the Bell estate as it is different from previously proposed schemes which were based on conjugate encoding. In Bell's scheme the bases are in entangled states of 3 qubits by the entanglement exchange principle, which allows us to carry out the task without transmitting the encoded qubits of the message through the channel.
"The major vendors are building a foundation for the wave to come, and not having a quantum effort could result in a huge competitive disadvantage when quantum computing goes mainstream," said Rob Enderle, principal analyst at the Enderle Group.
Specifically for eCommerce, quantum resources can be used in the following areas:
Quantum mechanics and quantum computing can perform very complex calculations and simplify them as well as solve large data problems easily.
The ordinary computers we use today make it infeasible to break encryption that uses very large prime number factorization (300+ integers). With quantum computers, this decryption could become trivial, leading to much stronger protection of our digital lives and assets.
In the modern viewpoint, quantum computers can be used and trained like neural networks. We can systematically adapt the physical control parameters, such as an electromagnetic field strength or a laser pulse frequency, to solve a problem.
Quantum computing could generate a competitive advantage by transforming industries because it has the potential to address exponentially complex problems that classical computers cannot, for example improving container utilization and shipping volumes, as it would save shippers hundreds of millions of dollars. And not only that, the anticipated ability of computing to solve quantum optimization problems in addition to reducing costs also reduces environmental damage such as the carbon footprint. For this reason, several companies are already developing experience to explore what use cases can benefit their own industries, to benefit from the features proposed by this new computing model.
The problem-solving capabilities of future quantum computers could dramatically redefine competitive advantage, transforming business operating models and value chains. From areas such as chemistry, biology, marketing, sales, healthcare, finance, artificial intelligence and materials science, which would allow rapid market share gains and greater profitability for visionary companies that know how to capitalize on them.